Aller au menu Aller au contenu
Science and Engineery of Materials and Processes

> SIMAP_Research > SIMAP_MME

Ultrafast X-Ray tomography for in situ high temperature experiments

>Research activities and developments on X-ray tomography are closely linked to the scientific questions tackled at SIMaP/GPM2. Recent developments together with ESRF are mainly concerned with the reduction of the acquisition time in order to obtain a 3D image with a spatial resolution of about one micrometer in the order of a second. In ongoing and future efforts, we aim at a fine spatial resolution (50 nanometre) together with less than a few tens of seconds during thermal loading. In parallel, developments are carried on the lab tomograph for quasi-static conditions.



Fast tomography allows 4D materials to be imaged during thermo-mechanical loadings. The aims is to develop, in collaboration with ESRF this characterization tool, and to make it fully compatible with high temperature tests for which time is a challenging issue due to thermally activated phenomena.
The development of fast tomography results in major scientific achievements in several scientific domains such as solidification defects kinetics and high temperature damage evolution.



Nano-composites solidification and ultrasonic stirring

In situ observation of a semi solid E21 Magnesium alloy reinforced by Y2O3 particles. Depending on the liquid interface velocity, particles are either engulfed or pushed by the liquid interface.

In the framework of the European project EXOMET we have been able for the first time to image in situ the solidification of aluminium alloy reinforced with various nano-particles (Y203, AlN...). We experimentally quantified the effects of the particles and of an ultrasonic stirring in the liquid states on the dendrites morphologies. Fundamental mechanisms such as the partition between particles engulfment and particles pushing by the liquid interface have been investigated.

High temperature damage evolution

High temperature deformation of a magnesium alloy AZ31. a-c : 3D rendering of the damage for several macroscopic strains. d : High temperature tensile device. e : evolution of pores volume fraction as a function of the macroscopic strain. f: interaction between porosities and intermetallics.
We have been studying light alloys damaging for several years at SIMaP/GPM2 and we have shown how tomography can improve our understanding of growth and coalescence of cavities. We have been able to follow in situ high temperature deformation test at about 400°C and for strain rates ranging from 5.10-4s-1 to 10-2s-1 on a AZ31 magnesium alloy. It provides macroscopic information but also local information such as the interaction between cavities and intermetallics. We have shown for example that a large amount of porosities are not initiated by intermetallics.

Sintering at the particle length scale


Isothermal sintering at 670°C of glass beads. 3D rendering of neck radius as a function of time.  

Preliminary experiments on high temperature in situ nano-tomography experiments have been successfully carried on. Sintering of glass beads have been followed at 670°C with a spatial resolution of 100nm. It allowed the evolution of necks between particles to be finely described. We are also able to image the dissolution and then the formation of rich Cu droplets in an Al-Cu alloy. Such experiments demonstrate new fields of investigation such as damage initiation can now take advantage of these new technical advances.


Sheet folding

Left: folding device developed for in situ tests. Right : Example of tracking of cracks and roughness in the plane submitted to plane stress.

We investigate the ability to characterise in situ aluminium sheets folding in collaboration with Constellium. A dedicated loading device and an acquisition procedure have been developed in order to perform such tests on a lab tomograph. These preliminary experiments demonstrate our ability to bring new information on the relations between localization band, voids, and roughness.

Selected Publications:

Date of update January 16, 2019

PhD and post-docs

T. Bormann,
M. Alvarez,
R. Kumar


ESRF : E. Boller, A. Rack , J. Villanova, M. Di Michiel, M. Scheel,
MATEIS : E. Maire, J. Adrien,
SVI : E. Gouillart,
LMT : S. Roux, H. Leclerc,
GIPSA : V. Fristot, D. Houzet,
LRM : S. Zabler,
ICMB : D. Bernard
Université Grenoble Alpes